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Let us understand the parts of the human eye and understand which part of the eye is used for transplant.
1. Vitreous body 2. ora serrata 3. ciliary muscle 4. ciliary zonules 5. Schlemm’s canal 6. pupil 7. anterior chamber 8. cornea 9. iris 10. lens cortex 11. lens nucleus 12. ciliary process 13. conjunctiva 14. inferior oblique muscle 15. inferior rectus muscle 16. medial rectus muscle 17. retinal arteries and veins 18. optic disc 19. dura mater 20. central retinal artery 21. central retinal vein 22. optic nerve 23. vorticose vein 24. bulbar sheath 25. macula 26. fovea 27. sclera 28. choroid 29. superior rectus muscle 30. Retina
Parts of Eye
In simple, these are the important parts of human eye
Having understood the parts of the Human Eye, we can now look at what part of human eye is donated in case of an Eye Transplant. Basically, Cornea is removed from the donor and donated to the blind person in case of an Eye transplant.
The cornea allows light to enter the eye for Vision. The cornea is the clear front surface of the eye. It lies directly in front of the iris and pupil, and it allows light to enter the eye. One person can donate eyes to two people.
So, the complete eye ball is not removed from the socket. Only the clear surface of the eye is removed and is transplanted.